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Remediation Phase


A remediation technology that is used to change the physical properties of contaminated media.

1,4 Dioxane (14DX-1)
Section 6.3 (Soil/Vadose Zone Treatment) – Section Solidification and Stabilization
Solidification is a physical immobilization process whereby contaminants are entrapped within the soil matrix by encapsulating contaminated soil particles within a low-permeability solid material.

Integrated DNAPL Site Strategy (IDSS-1)
Section (Solidification and Stabilization) and Table 4-2
“Solidification” refers to processes that change the physical properties of contaminated media by increasing compressive strength, decreasing permeability, and/or encapsulating the contaminants to form a solid material. “Stabilization” refers to processes that involve chemical reactions to reduce the mobility of a waste.

Small Arms Firing Range (SMART-1)
Section 3.3 (Soil Stabilization)
Stabilization/solidification has often been used to change the hazardous characteristic of firing range soil prior to long-term management or to control the solubility of metals in range soil for groundwater protection.

Small Arms Firing Range (SMART-2)
Section 3.7 (Stabilization of Lead Shot and Bullets in Soil) and Section 3.13.3 (Phosphate-Based Stabilization)
Provides information on different types of stabilization plans on small arms firing range sites.

Solidification/Stabilization (S/S-1)
Section 1 (Introduction)
Discusses how S/S technology may be applicable for a wide range of contaminants.